Income Tax Brackets In Egypt

Income Tax Brackets In Egypt: Explained

Understanding income tax brackets is crucial for navigating Egypt’s tax system effectively. Don’t Worry! We’ve got your back in this regard!

Whether you’re a resident or a non-resident earning income in Egypt, knowing how your income is taxed at different levels is essential for financial planning. From understanding progressive tax rates to maximizing deductions and exemptions, let’s delve into the intricacies of income tax brackets in Egypt.

Let’s dive in!

What Is A Tax Bracket?

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A tax bracket refers to a range of incomes subject to a specific income tax rate. 

Tax brackets are part of a progressive tax system in which the level of tax rates progressively increases as an individual’s income grows. 

Low incomes fall into tax brackets with relatively low-income tax rates, while higher earnings fall into brackets with higher rates.

How It Works

Many countries use a progressive tax system, meaning they use a marginal tax rate to determine taxes owed. 

A marginal tax rate determines the tax paid on an additional dollar of income that takes a taxpayer into a higher tax bracket.

The marginal tax rate increases as a taxpayer’s income rises. There are different tax rates for various levels of income. 

In other words, taxpayers will pay the lowest tax rate on the first “bracket” or level of taxable income, a higher rate on the next level, and so on.

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) announces any changes to tax brackets and rates annually. For tax years 2022 and 2023, there are seven federal tax brackets. 

Each is assigned a different rate, ranging from 10% to 37%, and a range of taxable income per bracket. 

The dollar ranges in each bracket vary for single filers, married joint filers (and qualifying widow[er]s), married filing filers separately, and head of household filers.

When determining which tax bracket to use, taxpayers should first calculate their taxable income, including earned and investment income minus adjustments and deductions.

What Is The Difference Between Tax Rates Vs. Tax Brackets?

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Tax brackets and rates are used to calculate the total taxes owed. However, while they might sound similar, they are, in fact, distinctly different from each other.

A tax rate is a percentage at which income is taxed, while each tax bracket is a range of income with a different tax rate. These rates are 10%, 12%, or 22% and higher and are referred to as the marginal rate.

Most taxpayers—except those who fall squarely into only the minimum bracket—have progressively taxed income. 

This means that their income is subject to multiple rates beyond the nominal rate of their tax bracket.

For example, an annual income of $100,000 fits the 24% tax bracket for 2022 and 2023. 

However, the entire $100,000 isn’t taxed at 24%

It’s taxed at different rates aligned with the various brackets of income that cover the segments of income up to $100,000. So, taxpayers ultimately pay less than they would if the total income were taxed at 24%.

Thus, a taxpayer’s tax bracket does not necessarily reflect the percentage of their income they will pay in taxes. The term for this is the effective tax rate.

What Are The Pros And Cons Of Tax Brackets?

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Tax brackets and the progressive tax system contrast with a flat tax structure, in which all individuals are taxed at the same rate, regardless of their income levels.


Higher-income individuals can pay income taxes and keep a good living standard.

Low-income individuals pay less, leaving them more to support themselves.

Tax deductions and credits give high-income individuals tax relief while rewarding useful behavior, such as donating to charity.


Wealthy people end up paying a disproportionate amount of taxes.

❌ Brackets make the wealthy focus on finding tax loopholes that result in many underpaying their taxes, depriving the government of revenue.

❌ Progressive taxation leads to reduced personal savings.

How Do You Calculate Your Tax Bracket?

To estimate which tax brackets your earnings fall under, you could do the maths by using the tables above or visiting the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) website.

This website provides highly detailed tax filing statuses in increments of $50 of taxable income up to $100,000.

What Are The Sources Of Taxable Income?

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Egyptian tax law encompasses various sources of income subject to taxation. 

Let’s delve into the primary sources of income that individuals need to consider while calculating their tax liabilities.

Employment Income

Employment income is one of individuals’ most frequent sources of taxable income.

 This covers any income obtained from an employer, including bonuses, wages, allowances, salaries, and any other payment for services done. 

Employers are usually required to withhold income tax from employees’ paychecks; the withheld tax is then sent to the appropriate tax authorities on the employee’s behalf. 

After the tax year, employees should get a Form 41 from their employer. This form includes a summary of their annual earnings and tax withheld.

Business Profits

Self-employed professionals, independent contractors, and small business owners are among the people who must record their business profits as part of their taxable income.

Business profits are computed by taking the company’s total income during the tax year and subtracting business-related costs, including office rent, utilities, supplies, and employee wages.

Rental Income

In Egypt, income from rental properties is also subject to taxation. 

Tenant-generated rental income from residential or commercial properties must be reported on an individual’s tax return. 

Before determining the taxable amount, they may also deduct certain costs associated with the rental property, such as upkeep, repairs, and property management fees, from the rental income.

Capital Gains

The earnings obtained from selling assets, including stocks, bonds, real estate, and other investments, are referred to as capital gains. 

Capital gains are considered taxable income in Egypt and must be declared on the taxpayer’s tax return. 

The kind of asset and the length of ownership determine how capital gains are treated tax-wise. 

For instance, compared to gains from equities held for more than a year, gains from the sale of stocks held for less than a year can be subject to a higher tax rate.

What Is Income Tax In Egypt?

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Personal income tax applies to all residents and individual companies operating in Egypt at a rate reaching up to 20% of the net annual revenue.

The tax thus applies to earned income, business, and other non-commercial profits, and wages under this regime. 

It is calculated similarly to corporate tax in the business profits category.

Personal income tax is deducted at source every three months at the same rates and brackets. It is directly transferred to tax authorities by the employer as follows:

  • 0 to 5,000 Egyptian pounds – 0 %
  • 5,001 to 20,000 Egyptian pounds – 10 %
  • 20,001 to 40,000 Egyptian pounds – 15 %
  • Beyond 40,000 Egyptian pounds – 20 %

Taxpayers with a higher net taxable income are not allowed to avail of the lower tax brackets:

  • The annual net taxable income between 600 000.00 and 700 000.00 is not eligible for the 0% tax bracket.
  • The annual net taxable income between 700 000.00 and 800 000.00 is not eligible for the 0% and 10% tax brackets.
  • The annual net taxable income between 800 000.00 and 900 000.00 is not eligible for the 0%, 10%, and 15% tax brackets.
  • The annual net taxable income between 900 000.00 and 1,200 000.00 is not eligible for the 0%, 10%, 15%, and 20% tax brackets.
  • The annual net taxable income above 1,200,000.00 is not eligible for the 0%, 10%, 15%, 20%, and 22.50% tax brackets.


Navigating Egypt’s income tax brackets is key to optimizing your financial situation and ensuring compliance with tax laws. By understanding the nuances of progressive taxation and utilizing available deductions, you can minimize your tax liability and maximize your disposable income.

Stay informed, plan wisely, and make the most of Egypt’s tax system to secure your financial future.

Financial Empowerment!

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